Probably the most famous castle in Scotland, Edinburgh Castle commands an excellent defensive position on top of Castle Rock.
The site has been a defensive one since at least the end of the 6th century, when a fort here was mentioned in the old Welsh poem the Gododdin of Aneurin.
Edinburgh Castle is in the parish of Edinburgh and the county of Midlothian.
Grid reference: NT 25112 73497
Lat / long: 55.948707, -3.200401
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